Smart Utilities for Smart Cities
Elvis DOGARU, Mihaela FRIGURA-ILIASA, Madlena NEN, Hannelore FILIPESCU, Lia DOLGA
The exploding growth of urban areas is a great challenge but also great opportunity to develop technologies and services which will change profoundly the way we see and perceive our society. Fortunate the exponential improvement in the fields of electronics, telecommunication and information technologies versus the production cost, we are able to solve this challenges and complexities of audacious leap of urban areas. The article is proposing a solution trough out integrated utilities solutions, to the challenges and complexities that come with large networks of utilities such as telecommunication, smart grid and water utilities in order to have economical, reliable and sustainable services. Over the few decades it is expected to millions of distributed energy production, storage and management systems that will be equipped with autonomous intelligence and automation to optimize economy, sustainability, reliability and security of the urban utilities. Our scope is to find through our research a way to erode many of the functional and organization barriers which exist between utilities companies and customers. A main issue in this relationship is that customers have no control over consumption except turning on or off the devices and no opportunity to fully generate locally their utilities. This has started to improve at the same time an intense focus on actionable intelligence, smart metering and smart grid. Utilities are following the wave of changes driven by the deregulation and privatization of renewable energy, raising industry sector and by the public consciousness of sustainability. We are currently entering a time in human history in which data and intelligence are becoming the key for long-term success. We propose a practical vision, basically a reengineering across all utilities systems for business and housing with continuity, reliability and safely.
Keywords: Integrated utilities, Smart grid, Information Technologies
Indicators of External Respiration and the Effectiveness of Underwater Phase in Swimming
Jelena SOLOJOVA, Germans YAKUBOVSKIS, Imants UPITIS, Irena DRAVNIECE
Parameters of external respiration were searched, that determine the effectiveness of overcoming the underwater part of the distance and their relationship with the results of competitive activity. The subject of the research ± 71 Latvian swimmers in the age group from 16 to 24 years. It`s assumed that there is a high level of correlation between the selected parameters of respiratory system and swimming abilities of male and female swimmers. The data obtained shows that the competitive result (FINA points) correlates with the index of maximal expiratory pressure (p-value = 0, 16037*) and the index of maximal inspiratory pressure (p-value = 0, 4899*). It was determined that the high correlation between the selected indicators is observed in a group of female representatives between the index of maximal expiratory pressure and the competitive result (p-value= 0, 5631*). Statistically significant (p0,05) However, the inverse relationship between the index of maximal inspiratory pressure and competitive result (p-value= 0,1211*) is statistically significant (p<0,05). The obtained results prove the existence of relationship between the speed of inhale and exhale and the high competitive result. Athletes with higher MEP (maximal expiratory pressure) are able to overcome the underwater parts of the distance more effectively that positively influences their competitive result (FINA points). The underwater distance and time strongly influenced the result in any style of swimming and for both genders.
Keywords: Sport swimming, Underwater phase of the distance, Breathing parameters, Competitive result
The Media Representation of People with Visual Impairment
Katerina KROUROUPOVA, Veronika RUZİCKOVA
Currently, mass media has a major influence on the life of the society and each of its members. In the context of the majority of members of society, the key aspect is the significance or ‘credibility’ of contemporary media, especially the television and internet, which makes it possible to transfer and maintain the viability of stereotyped messages about persons with health disability. In various mass media (newspapers, radio, TV, internet), one can find a rigid one-sided perspective of the issue of persons with health disability, including those with visual impairment. This media image has a significant impact on the attitude of the whole society towards persons with health disability and strengthens prejudices, stereotypes and rigid attitudes of the intact society. What is the attitude of domestic and international media to persons with health disability, what sort of information do they present, and what image of persons with health disabilities, specifically visual impairment, do they create? The present paper attempts to cover the breadth of this topic in order to answer these questions through quantitatively oriented research with a poll survey character.
Keywords: Person with visual impairment, Media, Media image, Attitudes of the majority population, Inclusion
Mentor’s Support at the Initial Stage of Career Counsellors’ Professional Activity
Ilze MIKELSONE, Lasma LATSONE, Jana GRAVA, Nellija EGLİTE-BRIEDE
In Latvia currently there is no support programme developed for introducing the new career counsellors to their professional duties, promoting faster and more successful integration in the new workplace. Researching mentor’s support to career counsellors for successful start of their professional activity, the answers were searched to the following research questions: 1) what support do career counsellors need when starting their professional careers, and in what areas; and 2) what type of experience is needed for a mentor in order to help a new career counsellor at the initial stage of his/her professional activity. As part of a phenomenological research study, 15 career counsellors were interviewed. The obtained data allowed to determine four main support areas fort he initial stage of career counsellor’s professional career: 1) mentor’s Professional experience (trust and cooperation between the mentor and mentee), 2) adaptation (length of the adaptation period and the adaptation period’s plan); 3) work environment (understanding organizational culture and circulation of documents); 4) professional development (accumulation of experience and observation of the work of other colleagues). As the result of the study, the recommendations were developed for new career counsellors and for experienced ones who are ready to be mentors to their new colleagues. The needs of career counsellors were identified and the problems explored also as part of the Nordplus Horizontal 2017 project “Reducing Teacher Drop-out Rate” (ReTeD), where the authors of this study are involved.
Keywords: Career counsellor, Inclusion, Beginning stage of a professional career, Mentor, Mentorship (mentoring)
Social Entrepreneurship as a Tool for Civic Engagement in the Context of Smart Regional Development
Inta OSTROVSKA, Liene LEIKUMA-RIMICĀNE, Ludmila ALEKSEJEVA, Dmitrijs OĻEHNOVIČS, Jānis KUDIŅŠ
The growing importance of the social sector in Europe determines emerging of a new concept - social entrepreneurship as an innovative non–standard business activity to solve existing problems and overcome challenges. A decade ago this concept was rarely mentioned but now it is included in the research agenda of all major world economy schools. This unexplored and potentially effective phenomenon is being discussed not only in the academic realm but it is also analyzed and integrated into national policies and implemented by innovative business practitioners. Social enterprises act as change agents for society, providing opportunities that traditional business misses, improving systems, creating innovative approaches, and providing solutions for societal change, making it better. However, traditional entrepreneurship can create completely new industries, it is still creating gaps being unable to address the societal challenges. Social entrepreneurship presents new solutions to solve social problems and then implements them in the existing industries or creates hybrid businesses that combine different types of economic activities or industries to find solutions that traditional entrepreneurship and the public sector were unable to provide. Social entrepreneurship and social innovation are part of the solution, as both have a clear goal to provide innovative solutions for unresolved social problems and emphasise creation of social values as a key mission to improve the individuals’ and communities’ lives, increase overall prosperity. Nowadays the most important task, which is also a kind of challenge for national governments, municipal authorities, policy makers and all economical stakeholders, is to help the weakest groups in society (the poor, people with disabilities, etc.) to adapt to new and changing situations. It is most important to provide this assistance in a way that promotes sustainable economic and social development. As social entrepreneurship is a relatively new area of research and it is not particularly developed in Latvia, the work will be devoted to the characterization of social entrepreneurship, the analysis of the situation in Latvia, identification of strategic elements and the development of recommendations for supporting social entrepreneurship development in Latvia more efficiently. The authors of the paper have developed a model of social entrepreneurship reflection based on current economic actors as well as suggestions for social entrepreneurship projects development in Latvia.
Keywords: Social entrepreneurship, Civic engagement, Smart regional development
Program Accreditation: a Catalyst Towards Quality Enriched Education System in Oman
Mohamed HANEEFUDDIN, Afraz Begum MOHAMMAD
Being a fundamental need, right as well as foundation for the successful and prosperous society education requires well defined and quality enriched provisioning and assurance. To assure a self-sustainable and potential future generation and prosperity, ensuring education quality is of paramount significance. To ensure educational quality and its delivery accreditation system has played significant appreciable role globally. Realizing the need of accreditation system, numerous significant measures have been incorporated in the Sultanate of Oman that monitors, controls and ensures quality educational delivery across the country. In this paper, a number of development, programs and practices for educational accreditation at different level of educational hierarchy in the Sultanate of Oman have been studied and discussed. Various programs and accreditation practices introduced by Oman academic accreditation authority (OAAA) have been discussed and their effectiveness has been studied. The implementation of different accreditation programs and standards at secondary and higher education level have been discussed. The implementation of different accreditation policies, standards and associated quality audit procedures for programs as well as institutions along with its significances has been discussed in this manuscript. The presented manuscripts can play vital role in assisting policy makers to map optimal constructive strategy to enhance quality education delivery for higher education in the Sultanate of Oman.
Keywords: Educational quality, Accreditation system, QAAA, Accreditation policies, Quality audit procedures
A New Psychotherapy Approach: Logotherapy
Logotherapy has been drawing attention in the field of psychotherapy in recent years as a therapy approach focused on meaning and nurtured by existentialist approach and humanistic approach. According to logotherapy, the basic motivation of the human being is the search for meaning. The aim of logotherapy is to help the individual to become aware of the hidden meaning in his life, to find a purpose and to act positively in the direction of self-transcendence. The intellectual foundations of logotherapy, also called the Third Vienna School of Psychotherapy, were laid by Victor Frankl during his stay in nazi concentration camps. Frankl questioned what kept people alive in the Nazi concentration camps in an environment of torture., Frankl discovered that people needed something they could live to hold on to life in these challenging processes, and that the search for meaning was vital to man. Concepts such as freedom of will, desire for meaning, meaning of life, meaning of love and meaning of pain constitute the basic principles of logotherapy. This research is a theoretical study on logotherapy. The essence of the approach, its basic principles, the basic concepts, the role of the therapist, the therapeutic process and techniques are presented based on the knowledge in the literature.
Keywords: Logotherapy, Psychotherapy, Seeking meaning, Psychology
An Investigation into The Impact of Brain-based Learning on EFL Students’ Proficiency Level
This paper probes the influence of the intervention in brain-based learning on adult EFL students’ proficiency in English. Mixed-methods research design was employed to examine whether the brain-based learning intervention could lead to a considerable improvement in students’ proficiency level in English. The classes attended by experimental group were offered in compliance with the educational implications of brain-based learning principles for four months whilst the students in the control group were taught according to the programme developed by the school where this study was conducted. The results obtained from the analysis of the data comprising the grades the participants got from the four midterm exams indicate a statistically significant difference between the experimental and control group as to their English language proficiency. The results yielded by the content analysis of the data from the semi-structured interview reveal that the experimental group participants have positive views on brain-based lessons.
Keywords: Adult EFL learners, Brain-based learning, EFL learning, Proficiency in English
Aspects of Holistic Space Economics from the Perspective of Sustainable Development
Tomas R. ZEITHAMER, Jiri POSPİSIL
This paper is one of the outcomes of the preparatory work on a research project exploring the effects of solar activity on Earth’s economy and extraterrestrial economy from a global perspective. The equation of the field of retail gravitation is derived by the Einstein’s methodology modified for the description of the field of terrestrial as well as extraterrestrial retail gravitation.
Keywords: Holistic economics, Physical economics, Physical informatics, Quantum cognition
Graded Tasks as a Specific Teaching Situation in Mathematics
Radka DOFKOVA, Jitka LAITOCHOVA
The pupil acquires mathematical knowledge and skills in mathematics primarily through the solution of appropriately chosen tasks. The quality and type of mathematical knowledge that pupils create is also greatly influenced by the way they work with the chosen role in the classroom, which depends largely on the teacher and his/her teaching approach. These two aspects ± the appropriate choice of tasks and their implementation in mathematical teaching, form the basis of effective mathematics teaching. Therefore, it is important to prepare teachers to work with types of tasks that could be used effectively in teaching. One of the solutions can be represented by so-called graded tasks, which have significant educational potential in mathematical teaching, but work with them and especially their creation is difficult for teachers. The aim of the paper is to identify the level of preparedness of future teachers of primary education in full-time and combined forms for working with graded tasks in mathematics lessons. The research was attended by 108 full-time students and 35 combined students at the Faculty of Education, Palackê University in Olomouc. The questionnaire of own design was used, in which the respondents were to evaluate the effectiveness of graded tasks in teaching, their influence on the development of mathematical thinking, their difficulty in teacher training, etc. The obtained results were evaluated by basic descriptive statistics (for example the studied field, form of study, length, etc.) and using Fisher's combinatorial test.
Keywords: Mathematics, Graded tasks, Teacher training, Teacher beliefs, Readiness, Teacher self-efficacy
The Relationship between Life Satisfaction, Self-esteem and Internet Addiction Among Pre-service Teachers
Simona DOBESOVA CAKIRPALOGLU , Jana KVINTOVA , Panajotis CAKIRPALOGLU
Internet addiction since the 1990s has attracted the attention of both professional and general public all over the world. There is no uniform terminology and definition in the literature. In general, addiction to the Internet is defined as the excessive use of the Internet, which brings psychological, social, work or school complications. The aim of the research is to evaluate the relationship between potential internet addiction, life satisfaction and self-esteem among pre-service teachers. The participants were 558 pre-service teachers aged 19-26. To determine the empirical data, the following methods were used: Life Satisfaction Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Young Internet Addiction Test, and Sociodemographic Questionnaire. A negative significant relationship was found between age and internet addiction among social network users. Focusing on the correlations between the dimensions of the Life Satisfaction Inventory and the results of the Internet Addiction Questionnaire, the results of the correlation matrix didn’t confirm any significant relations.
Keywords: Internet addiction, Life satisfaction, Self-esteem
Theoretical and Practical Approaches to the Influence of Public Service on the Relationship between Government and Business
Afag Huseynn, Hamid Hamidov
The article discusses the importance of changing the model of the state administration in the period of reforms, and the need to find mechanisms for more effective management of relationships and interaction between business and the state. Was made an analysis of the need for changes in the decision-making process on the regulation of business activities; the extent to which entrepreneurs, government officials and political leaders participate in these decisions; different attitudes towards the opportunities and freedoms given to civil servants in making these decisions. The study drew attention to the experience of various developed countries, it was also shown the reforms taking place in public administration model of Azerbaijan. The article used methods of comparative analysis, logical generalization and synthesis. Were made recommendations to increase the efficiency of public administration.
Keywords: Civil service, Public administration, Government intervention in the economy, Government relations, Model of partnership between state and private sector
Continuous Development of ICT Competence on the Example of the Personnel Department in the Banking Sphere of Azerbaijan
Aida GULIYEVA, Ulviyya RZAYEVA, Aygun ABDULOVA
Today, lifelong education of personnel is the process of formation of each employee's high professionalism, modern economic thinking, ability to work in economic relations. In this article, the authors explore impact of Information Technologies’ (IT) implementation into the work of human resource departments for increased effectiveness. Modern relations at the enterprise require the most important network-based enterprise’s unit that is to be a strategic, flexible, costeffective and service-oriented division of the organization. The authors use the experience and initiatives of enterprises and national banks to show implications of the implementation of IT in Human Resources Management (HRM). Although the influence of IT on HRM has been a focus of scientists’ attention, no empirical research has been conducted in this area in Azerbaijan. Obtained data show that IT is not widely used in organizations to perform HRM functions in the dynamic economy of Azerbaijan. The results also show that, while IT should have a certain impact on all sectors in terms of HRM, the used IT types vary considerably in recruitment, maintenance and development tasks.
Keywords: Lifelong education, HR effectiveness, Recruitment needs, Maintenance and development tasks, Management and planning tasks
Globalization and Its Impacts on the Economic Security of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Anar EYYUBOV, Hamid HAMIDOV
In the modern stage of the development of world economy, increasing of competition between countries, globalization plays a crucial role in the economic development of countries. At the present, globalization between countries is developing at the new level and takes new forms. The purpose of this article is to analyze the impact of globalization to the development of national economic security of the Republic of Azerbaijan from different scenarios. The research work basically focusing on globalization and simultaneously analyses major trends in the world economy. Currently, the economic security takes a priority standing in the governmental policy of many countries. Economic security is an integral component of the national security. The expansion of the process of globalization and integration between countries requires elaboration of the relevant strategy of the national economic security in order to provide the sustainable economic growth. In the scientific article were identified theoretical approaches to the notions of globalization and economic security. It should be mentioned that in parallel with the creation of new opportunities for the development of countries and its positive sides, globalization has also some negative impacts to the national economic security. In this regard, it is important to analyze these issues in consideration with various aspects. The scientific article was implemented based on the systematic, historical-logical and comparative analysis methods. The limitation of the research work is that there is no enough data. In this regard, more extensive research can be done in the future. As a result of research work was elaborated relevant recommendations.
Keywords: Globalization, Economic security, Export, Import, Investments
Businesses from Advertising Revenues Impact on the Social and Economic Development
Ayten HÜSEYİNLİ, Afaq ASLANOVA
The article dealts with the impact of social and economic development of advertising activity of the enterprise income. Those who manage the entire market instruments widely use of the appropriated faster through the advertising business. This is due to the fact that the advertising marketing communication system of the market economy and market relation is one of the most important aspects of sales promotion methods of the most profitable selling. Advertising products and services support the connection between producer and consumer. Azerbaijan increased a competition among companies for creative advertising types used more. In order to attract new consumers and to keep the place in the market of products, the use efficiency of a lot of ads has been increased. Advertising review was held for the companies in 10 shopping centers to assess the impact of the questionnaire. Some companies had been made for the sale of advertising between the networks. The kinds of merchandise have been identified for the established companies. Effective advertising activity of the enterprise available in the market, the increased risks suspension from the market by competitors, including the ability to influence the markets businesses, which is active in a market economy was reviewed as well. In other words, advertising competition leads to a more aggravated business. Market competition improves the quality of products and services. Investigating the company and one of its important social function is implemented for stimulation the labour of advertising. This is a positive result of human activities in order to increase motivation in people. Besides investigating the companies, advertising activities are developing on social values. Social and cultural characteristics reflecting the life way of people working in this company, helped them to form the stereotypes as well.
Keywords: Institutions, Socio-economic development, Effective advertising activities
Factors that Require the Necessity of Lifelong Learning
Elman IBİSHOV, Farhad MİKAYİLOV, Rashad HUSEYNOV, Rafael RZAYEV, Yahya OZDEMİR
The article emphasizes the importance of education in shaping the labor market and providing employment. Given all these factors, it has been shown that lifelong learning is the process of developing human habits throughout life. It does not only help the development of personality, active citizenship, and social integration but also enhances competitiveness and employment opportunities. The article outlines the critical aspects of the vocational education and lifelong learning strategy based on the “Aims and Objectives of Lifelong Education” document adopted from G-8 Summit occurred on the 20th of June 1999. It also refers to the various studies carried out by UNESCO and other international organizations, as well as taking into account the learnings from the foreign countries on the subject. Based on these, recommendations and suggestions were made for the development of lifelong education process in Azerbaijan.
Keywords: Lifelong education, Continuing education, Educational strategy, Sustainable development, Innovative development
Education is a Key Factor in Quality of Life
Farhad MİKAYİLOV, Elman IBİSHOV, Rashad HUSEYNOV, Rafael RZAYEV, Yahya OZDEMİR
The article examines the possible effects of education on quality of life and outlines the current theoretical and methodological approaches to assess quality of life. In addition, the labor force level in the labor market in Azerbaijan is analyzed by HDI and quality of life analysis when compared to developed and developing countries. As a result of the research, the impact of education on labor supply, poverty reduction and quality of life was determined according to the needs of the labor market in Azerbaijan. As in the case of different countries studied in Azerbaijan, a good relationship between education level and social and economic development levels was confirmed.
Keywords: Quality of life, Education, Human capital, Labor, Human development
Role of Mathematics in Development of Economics
Gunel HUSEYNOVA, Sevinc ZAMANOVA
Mathematics is of central importance to modern society and it provides the vital underpinning of the knowledge of economy. It is essential in the economy, physical sciences, technology, business, financial services.The contribution of mathematics to the economy for the sustainable development of the country is indispensable.mathematics forms the basis of most scientific and industrial research and development. Increasingly, many complex systems and structures in the modern world can only be understood using mathematics and much of the design and control of high-technology systems depends on mathematical inputs and outputs. Economics of the society is developed by establishment of industries. The applied mathematics like computational science, applied analysis, optimization, differential equation, Leontief model, data analysis and discrete mathematics etc are essential in industrial field. In this sense aplication of Leontief model to economy is very important. By application of such kind of mathematical methods, the consumption of electrisity, the exploration cost of oil and communication cost of images could be reduced. In this context, this paper will examine how mathematics can contribute to the sustainable development of the economy and a number of important mathematical solutions will be offered.
Keywords: Mathematic, Economics, Leontief model, Lifelong education
Institutional Approach to Human Economic Behavior
Ilgar SEYFULLAYEV, Rukhsara SEYFULLALI
The purpose of research is the study of institutional factors that regulate human’s economic behavior. Another attempt has been made to analyze and summarize knowledge about the economic behavior of a person, to synthesize ideas about the natural-public environment that regulates the human economic behavior. The different economic strategies of behaviour are studied by research based on the multi-dimensional prisoner's dilemma. Assumptions are put forward about the evolution and development of institutions that support the decent behavior of the individual’s economic activities. Limiting demand growth by increasing productivity and supporting competition seem to be attractive mechanisms for improving people's well-being. Reducing income inequality can weaken the forces (pride, greed, etc.) that limit people's inclinations toward honesty. Ensuring the transparency of information on the behavior of economic agents, as well as the quality of mechanisms that support decent economic behavior of members of society are priorities for building and improving institutions.
Keywords: Individual, Egoism, Altruism, Institutions, Iterated prisoner's dilemma
Study of Effects of Toxigen Fungus in Some Foods
Nasrullayeva GUNASH, Yusifova MEHRİBAN, Maharramova MEHRİBAN
As a result of the conducted researches it has been determined that some products of plant and animal origin used for nutritious purposes in Azerbaijan distinguish for their number and type composition of their mycobiotas. In the course of analysis the products of plant and animal origin have been compared for the amount of mycotoxins and as a result it was determined that in fruits they had 2.5-3,4 times high rate than in meat.
Keywords: Products of plant and animal origin, Mycobiota, Mycotoxins
Priority Directions of Financing Socio-Economic Development of Regions in Azerbaijan
Nusret BABAYEV, Yashar DAMİROV, Rauf QUSXANİ
The article outlines the essence of the state's regional policy and determines its main directions. Specifically, the criteria for determining the backward regions, which are of crucial importance in the formation of the regional policy of the state, have been substantiated. The article also substantiates the directions of financing the social and economic development of the regions. These justifications cover energy, transport and social development issues. The article outlines the factors that necessitate the state support to the development of the rural areas. The density of the population was noted as the main factor supporting the development of rural areas. Thus, in rural areas, due to low population density, both production and sales of products require large expenditures in comparison with urban areas.
Keywords: Regional policy, Spatial inequalities, Financing rural development, State programs
Analyzing of Consumption Styles in Sustainable Competition: The Case of Azerbaijan
Oqtay Qulu QULİYEV, Matanat Rafael MAMMADOVA
It is seen in literature review that businesses have two main aims. The first is to make a profit and the second is to maintain its existence for a long time. In order for businesses to maintain their assets for a long period of time, businesses should analyze consumer behavior and follow the marketing strategies of competing firms. It is necessary to make the competition sustainable. The complexity of consumer behavior is also observed in the literature. Purchasing processes of consumers who are under the influence of many material and moral factors are not very simple. Consumers have different personalities and identities which are influenced by many factors. This makes the consumption process more complicated. In today's societies, it is clear that consumers do not consume products or services only for functional purposes. Consumers can add meaning to these products and services and change their purpose of consumption. When the consumption process is examined, it is seen that various styles are discussed. These are rational consumption, hedonic consumption, symbolic consumption, prestige consumption, conspicuous consumption, compulsive consumption and the modes of consumption in which we can further extend the order. In this research, the role of consumption styles in gaining sustainable competitive advantage of enterprises was emphasized and a research was conducted in Azerbaijan. In this study, questionnaire research was applied as a method. The current research was carried out in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan between April and May 2019. The study was conducted over a period of two months. Around 600 questionnaires were applied. Some questionnaires were canceled due to inaccurate and incomplete questionnaires and a total of 536 questionnaires were surveyed. The survey was conducted to determine the attitudes of the consumers of Azerbaijan regarding their consumption styles. In this study, we try to determine the consumption styles of consumers and the consumer cluster profiles for various consumption styles with using cluster analyze.
Keywords: Sustainability, Consumption styles, Consumer behavior
Inclusive Education is the Basis for Universalizing of Higher Education
For many years, the focus of scientific and pedagogical research has been on finding effective strategies for the theory of inclusion, which contributes to the achievement of the main goal of inclusive education - the creation of a truly humanistic society based on inclusive culture. Currently, the most relevant is the development of inclusive higher education as a science - research and practical direction. The principles of universal learning design allow you to create the conditions for the actual introduction of students with a variety of educational needs into the process. The use of the system of universal learning design allows to solve many problems of the transition period, to pay attention to the peculiarities of students' personality development. Universal design in education improves the development of inclusive forms of education and professional competence of teachers.
Keywords: Inclusive education in Azerbaijan, Inclusive high education, Universal design in learning, Innovations in high education
Assessment of CES Function Parameters in Oil-rich CIS Countries
Yadulla HASANLİ, Turac MUSAYEV, Gunay RAHİMLİ, Simrah ISMAYİLOVA
The article conducts thorough analysis by using CES production function to measure the impact of capital (fixed assets) and labor (employed population) on the production volume (on GDP) in the CIS countries rich in hydrocarbon resources - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Russia. The Study summarizes the current problem as an imbalance between the capital (fixed assets created using modern technology) and the labor market (labor to leverage key assets using potential opportunities). The subject of the research has enhancing relevance due to the lack of extensive research of the problem posed in the oil and gasrich countries of the CIS. One of the methodological bases for the following study is the calculation of the elasticity of capital and labor substitution by defining the parameters of the generalized form of production function. According to the results obtained from the CES production function, the substitute elasticity coefficient in oil-rich countries of the CIS is less than one. Based on the analysis, the results obtained from modeling is formulated and scientifically grounded recommendations have been provided for the improvement of education and its quality in these three countries, especially in Russia and Azerbaijan.
Keywords: Constant elasticity of substitution, Production function, Capital, Specialized labor force
Statistical Evaluation of the Impact of Social and Economic Phenomena on Birth Indicators
Vusala TEYMUROVA, Bahruz SAMADOV, Khalida MURADOVA, Samira ABDULLAYEVA
The complex and multifaceted nature of the social life of society comprises the system of different relationships. These relationships are interconnected and dependent upon one another as a system. The determining the nature and extent of relationships between demographic events and processes enables them to be managed more efficiently and wisely. The revealing of relationships between demographic indicators is primarily related to theoretical analysis. In general, the purpose of the statistics is the quantitative assessment and the discovery of the regularity of the relationships between these indicators. From this point of view, the regression-correlation analysis of cause-and-effect relationships is an important statistical method addressing several problems. In the article, the authors have evaluated the dynamics of the birth rate and the factors affecting it in the field of the study of demographic processes in Azerbaijan. In the article, the level of income has been indicated as one of the reasons for the limited number of children in families. The article measures the extent of the impact of the signs of the factor on the sign of the result through the regression-correlation analysis, the frequency of relationships is determined, and the role of factors studied in the overall change of outcome sign is determined. This is achieved by checking the adequacy of the model. Based on the analysis, it can be concluded that birth has been a key factor determining the growth rate of the population in the country. Continuous natural growth has been achieved by the high number of births. The birth, characterized by the emergence of new members in the population, is a positive side of the reproduction of the population.
Keywords: Demography, Birth, Correlation-regression, Statistical analysis